‘We are young, but we know that if we do not stand up for our rights, we will lose our rights.’ These are the views of a Hong Kong student who wants to see Hong Kong as Hong Kong and not as ‘Socialism with Chinese Characteristics’. But do Beijing and Xi Jinping want the same? Not at all, given the way the People’s Police (Chinese paramilitary force) has been growing at the Shenzhen Bay Sports Center for some time, the same can be concluded. So will Hong Kong really win its battle? Or could Beijing repeat history like Tiananmen Square in Hong Kong?
Defense of democratic values is also it’s characteristic of freedom, it wants to be seen wherever it is, but on the other side, there is dictatorship which wants to end independence at all costs by securing decisive status with different names and characters. The same is seen between Hong Kong and China at the moment. Hong Kong wants to move forward on its values that have independence, a separate system of governance, values , and democracy, while China on the other side has a one-party system and Xi Jinping, a man who can hold a lifetime presidency. All the forces of the country are inherent around them and they fear freedom, democracy, and pluralism.
The important point is that Hong Kong’s fight for the protection of democracy and democratic values does not appear to be the world standing with Hong Kong which has destroyed large civilizations and human values under the pretext of protecting democracy, whatever the reasons. Yes, American flags are visible in the hands of some in Hong Kong and the American Congress has also expressed its support for the agitators. Now it is a little difficult to tell what they can mean.
Root cause of dispute
The controversy actually arose over the changes brought in the extradition law. According to the proposed law, if a person escapes from Hong Kong by committing a crime, he will be sent to China to join the investigation process. The law will allow China to extradite suspects from countries and acquire their assets with which Hong Kong does not have agreements. While Hong Kong was still operating from the British Common Law system and had extradition treaties with countries prior to 1997, the same were extradited to wanted criminals, including countries like the US, Britain, and Singapore. Now he will have to extradite everyone to China. This has triggered a fear among the people of Hong Kong that China through this law, anyone who is associated with a political movement, From Hong Kong and thereby end all political rights of the people of Hong Kong. This fear of the people of Hong Kong is reasonable, because the new law will surely put an end to the free, democratic phase, and after this, the law will be under the control of China rather than under the control of Hong Kong.
One country-two system
It is also possible that at the same time China will dismantle the ‘one country-two system’ (one country-two system), while in 1997, Britain got this guarantee when transferring Hong Kong to China. Was that China will maintain people’s freedom and their legal status at least till the year 2047 under the ‘One Country-Two System’. By the way, the Communist government of China could not discharge this guarantee even for 20 years, as a result of this, in 2014, in Hong Kong, the democrats ran ‘Umbrella Movement’ for 79 days and in 2019 people are on the streets again. It is another matter that the rulers of Beijing were scared by these movements.
Now talk about Beijing and Xi Jinping are so sure that these two will never accept Hong Kong’s democratic movement as a democratic movement so that Hong Kong movement can get global support. Rather, it is more likely that they will call it a planned struggle or rebellion against the Communist regime of China. Keep in mind that in the court action that is being prepared against the young agitators arrested in Hong Kong, there are many hidden messages for the movement and the agitators.
Beijing government officials are trying to project the acts of the agitators as ‘terrorism’ and not as a mass movement demanding political or rights. One more thing, Beijing is still assuming that it will easily control Hong Kong’s conflict. But the day he feels that Hong Kong is under his control, Beijing will not miss military action on Hong Kong. Perhaps Beijing is still assuming that it will be able to crush the movement through its appointed officials and courts in Hong Kong. And for this, he has also made complete preparations.
History of the Tiananmen Square
This means that if it fails, then the history of Theanaman Square can also be repeated. In this case, he has a strong side ie he is a big economic and military power and he wants the world to realize it. Obviously, he can go to some extent for this. There is no doubt that there has been a big difference between China of 1989 and China of 2019 and China has become a force of the world behind which the countries of the world are united and no one has the ability to openly oppose it. But despite all this, Beijing’s military action in Hong Kong can be risky.
China’s economy is currently undergoing a crisis. Some big bubbles have also been created in it. Keep in mind that the Chinese economy is dependent on exports and the US-China trade war seems to be initiating an economic cold war. In such a situation, China may face a big crisis soon. If Beijing opts for military action in Hong Kong, it is also possible that the world will impose special economic sanctions on China, leading to a global export of China’s products. If this happens, China’s economy will be on the verge of dying. This situation does not allow Beijing to opt for military action in Hong Kong.
Although Hong Kong seems to be standing on the periphery of Tiananmen Square history at the moment, it just seems that countdown has started, sometimes it seems that there is probably a delay. This is because Xi Jinping is probably assessing the developments in Hong Kong. Given the current situation, it does not appear that Beijing will take military action in Hong Kong, but if President Xi Jinping for some reason comes to the conclusion that China’s sovereignty in Hong Kong is in danger, he would not hesitate to opt for military action. will do. For the moment, it remains to be seen whether Hong Kong will succeed in establishing democratic values or forcing Beijing to take military action.